adolescence


adolescence
The term may be applied to the emotional and behavioural states supposedly associated with becoming adult; the phase in the life-cycle before the physical changes associated with puberty are socially recognized; or the transition in status from childhood to adulthood.
Typically, in modern industrial societies, young people are sexually mature well before society acknowledges them as adults in other respects; and, because of education and training, they remain dependent on parents and guardians. Consequently, adolescence has been seen as a time of peak emotional turbulence (see, The Nature of Adolescence, 1980). Although few sociologists would dismiss the idea that physical change may of itself bring about behavioural change, or that young people do face a tension between sexual and social maturity, the value of the term adolescence is questionable. Comparisons with even the recent past show that children frequently had to become adults as soon as they could do useful work.
Anthropologists too describe numerous examples (especially in age-set societies) where the transition to adulthood is abrupt, marked by clear rites of passage , and relatively free from alleged adolescent problems. Surveys and other field studies in the industrialized West itself have cast doubt on the ideas that adolescence is typically any more stressful than any other stage in life or that the majority of teenagers are rebellious. The treatment of adolescence as a social problem may say more about the stereotypes of youth in the adult world and indicate a moral panic about youth culture (a critique along these lines will be found in, Growing Up at the Margins, 1986). For an overview of the literature see, The Adolescent in the Family (1991).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • adolescence — [ adɔlesɑ̃s ] n. f. • fin XIIIe; lat. adolescentia, de adolescens → adolescent ♦ Âge qui succède à l enfance et précède l âge adulte (environ de 12 à 18 ans chez les filles, 14 à 20 ans chez les garçons), immédiatement après la puberté. « la plus …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adolescence — (lat adolescere = (to) grow) is a transitional stage of physical and mental human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. This transition involves biological (i.e. pubertal), social, and psychological changes, though the… …   Wikipedia

  • adolescence — Adolescence, La premiere adolescence, Ephebia, Adolescentia. Au commencement de l adolescence, Ineunte adolescentia. Une adolescence de quoy on a grande esperance, Adolescentia plena spei maximae. Sortir hors d adolescence, Excedere ex ephebis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • adolescence — ADOLESCENCE. sub. f. L âge qui suit la puberté jusqu à l âge viril, c est à dire, depuis quatorze ans jusqu à vingt cinq. Il ne se dit guère que des garçons. Au commencement de l adolescence. Il est encore dansl adolescence …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • adolescence — (n.) age following childhood (especially the period from the 15th to the 21st year), early 15c., from M.Fr. adolescence (14c.), from L. adolescentia youth, noun of state from adolescentem (see ADOLESCENT (Cf. adolescent)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • adolescence — ADOLESCENCE. s. f. L âge qui est entre la puberté & la majorité, c est à dire, depuis quatorze ans jusqu à vingt cinq. Dans son adolescence. Il ne se dit que des garçons …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Adolescence — Ad o*les cence, n. [Fr., fr. L. adolescentia.] The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty one.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adolescence — I noun adulescentia, immaturity, juniority, juvenility, minority, nonage, puberty, pubescence, puerility, youth II index nonage Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • adolescence — *youth, puberty, pubescence Antonyms: senescence …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • adolescence — [n] state of puberty, preadulthood boyhood, girlhood, greenness, juvenility, minority, pubescence, spring, teens, youth, youthfulness; concept 817 Ant. adulthood, infancy …   New thesaurus

  • adolescence — [ad΄ə les′əns] n. [ME & OFr < L adolescentia < adolescens: see ADOLESCENT] 1. the state or quality of being adolescent 2. the time of life between puberty and maturity; youth …   English World dictionary